What You Need to Know About English Grammar

What You Need to Know About English Grammar

When you need to write something in English, you need to learn the proper grammar. You need to know how to use the nouns, adjectives, and prepositions correctly. This will help you get your message across. Luckily, there are many resources out there to help you.


Nouns are words used to name things, places, and people. They are also used to describe objects and ideas. If you are preparing for any government exam, you should be familiar with the rules of nouns in English grammar.

In this article, you will learn the basic definition of a noun and some of the different types of nouns. Also, you will get to know how to recognize nouns in writing.

There are two main kinds of nouns. The first type is the concrete noun, which names physical objects and ideas. Another type is the abstract noun, which names concepts, feelings, and conditions. These types of nouns are usually uncountable.

Most nouns have one form or another. Some have alternative plurals, while others have endings to show noun status.

A noun can be a subject, an object, or an indirect object. It is also a subject complement, meaning that it describes the subject of the sentence.

Generally, nouns are considered as the heads of a noun phrase, or the subjects of a sentence. Nouns are commonly followed by determiners and articles. Sometimes, they are used as an object complement, which replaces the direct object in a sentence.

Nouns are also the subjects of some verbs. They can perform ten different grammatical functions. This is why understanding the different forms of nouns is so important.

Depending on the meaning of a noun, a person may have to use different verbs. In addition, a noun can be replaced by a pronoun, a determiner, or a preposition.


Adjectives are one of the most useful parts of speech. They describe nouns and pronouns in detail. Not only do they add color and precision to a sentence, but they are also useful tools to help you speak English more fluently.

Adjectives can be used with a variety of different types of sentences. They can be used as determiners, for example. When a noun or object is modified by a word that is part of a series, such as an adverb, adjective, or preposition, that word is called a complement.

For instance, the first syllable of an adjective, such as “well” means that a person has a good sense of smell. The same adjective is not necessarily appropriate for describing a woman’s dress, or a child’s hairstyle. An article, such as the definite article “the,” is usually used with superlative adjectives.

There are four main types of adjectives. The first is the comparative. This is a type of adjective that compares two or more things. To form a comparative, the adjective needs to be followed by a suffix such as -er.

Another type of adjective is the demonstrative. A demonstrative is a word that changes the meaning of a noun or object, such as “this is a new car”.

One last type of adjective is the postpositive. Postpositive adjectives are those that are used after nouns. These are especially common in conjunction with a pronoun.


Verbs are one of the most important parts of English grammar. They represent action, and they help to give the sense of time. They also describe mental states, conditions and experiences.

There are many different kinds of verbs. Some are transitive and some are intransitive. The type of verb you use depends on the subject and the context.

A simple example of an action verb is ‘run’. Other examples include ‘write’ and ‘jump’.

An action verb is one that denotes an action or event. In the English language, there are eight to nine verb forms, including the root form and the infinitive. Each form has a unique function and can be conjugated in several different tenses.

Present tense: Verbs are usually conjugated to show action in the present. Their tense may be in the past or the future. This tense can be very tricky if you don’t know the correct form.

Past tense: Most verbs can be formed into a past tense by adding the suffix ‘ed’. However, some verbs have a different spelling in the past tense.

Future tense: Verbs are conjugated to show an action that will happen in the future. Examples of verbs that can be conjugated to show a future action include ‘John might run’ and ‘John might be running’.

Infinitive: The infinitive is the basic form of a verb. It acts as a noun, but it also contains a preposition.


Determiners are words that are used to modify nouns in a sentence. They are also called noun phrase modifiers. Unlike adjectives, which modify nouns after they are said, determiners are always placed before nouns. In addition, they can act as pronouns.

Determiners come in several forms and are usually simple. The most common ones are articles, quantifiers, and possessives. But there are also demonstratives. These are words that show the physical location or emotional space of items. Some types of these include a and an.

Quantifiers are words that express the amount of something. For example, the number of cars or people in a sentence. There are also degree determiners, which indicate that a noun is indefinite.

Possessives are determiners that show the possession of a noun. For example, a determiner ‘the’ indicates that the noun ‘a man’ is the second person in the sentence.

Determiners are important to understand because they play a role in English grammar. They are used before nouns to give them a particular meaning. They are also used before adjectives to modify them.

They can be used before a singular noun or before a plural noun. Determiners are required in some contexts, but not in others. However, you should remember that they can be used in many combinations. This means that you should choose the best determiner for your sentence.

Determiners are classified according to their meaning and usage. They can be general, ordinal, and definite.


Prepositions are words used in English grammar to describe position, time, and spatial relationships. They are one of the nine parts of speech.

Normally, a preposition is placed before a noun or a pronoun. It is a short word.

In the context of sentences, they perform vital functions. For example, in “I went to the store,” the preposition “to” indicates the location of the store and the person’s destination.

Prepositions are also used to illustrate the time when something happens or how something is done. They can be short phrases or longer words.

Most people use prepositions in a wide variety of ways. Some of the more common uses include describing the time, place, and direction of something. Others are adverbs and show the relationship between a noun and another word or pronoun.

The word is most commonly found before a noun. However, prepositions can also be placed at the end of a sentence.

Although it is often difficult to determine the exact meaning of a preposition, there are a few rules that can help. If you are looking to learn more about this part of the language, there are several websites that offer more in-depth information. One site, Lingolia, offers a simple introduction to prepositions, while 100 Difference Between Article provides more differences.

Most prepositions are very short. This is a great thing, because it makes them easier to understand and remember. However, they don’t always follow a clear pattern. And they aren’t always grammatically correct.

Indirect speech

Indirect speech, also known as oratio obliqua, is a fancy way to say you are telling someone something without using real words. It is an effective and convenient way to communicate, especially in the informal setting. Unlike direct speech, it does not use quotation marks.

This type of speech is essentially an extended version of direct speech, in which a verb is replaced with an infinitive. An introductory particle is required for verbs like lego and oti. However, for verbs such as phemi, an introductory particle is not needed.

The tense of the infinitive is controlled by its temporal relationship with the matrix verb. Sometimes, an indicative verb is retained for vividness. Usually, a verb in the os/oti clause is changed from an indicative to an optative mood.

If you have ever listened to an exclamation or an exhortation, you know what I’m talking about. But what exactly is indirect speech? Here’s a little bit of background. Direct speech, on the other hand, is a speech directly addressed to the listener.

Reported speech, on the other hand, is based on a spoken statement. It can be a rant, an exhortation, an announcement, or an interrogative. It can be present or future. Typical tenses for reported speech are the present tense and the future tense. Depending on the language and the context, you may hear any of these tenses.

The best part is, most of these tenses are easy to learn. To get the most out of your reported speech, try to think of what you’re saying before you speak.


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